Where To Live Next

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Image via Ann Millspaugh/Flickr

As we enter the first homebuying season since the passage of sweeping tax reforms, Redfin agents across the country are meeting a wave of emigres from high-tax states. Many are looking for lower taxes and affordable home prices, but with everything else they love about their old city: walkable neighborhoods; racial and ethnic diversity; restaurants, bars and bicycle paths.

We’ve been asked so many times about such neighborhoods that we’re publishing a guide to affordable American cities. We list the cities where people are moving, arranged from highest tax rates to lowest, then the neighborhoods within those cities that are urban, walkable and affordable. We’ve estimated tax rates by county; however, tax rates can vary within a county and may be higher or lower than we’ve noted depending upon the neighborhood. 

The reason we’re seeing so many people now asking us about these places is only driven in part by tax reform, which now limits deductions for state and local taxes to $10,000. This migration of people and businesses from expensive, high-tax cities like San Francisco and New York to affordable-housing markets began a few years earlier, when housing prices first began to rise much faster than wages.

It gained steam with Amazon’s search for a second headquarters, and the pressure many technology companies now feel on costs, especially around employee pay. In 2018 and 2019, many other businesses are going to start searching for lower-cost campuses to complement their presence in more expensive areas. We see this long-term shift to America’s emerging places as the U.S.’s most important demographic trend since the post-war suburban boom.

For each city, we include the neighborhoods our algorithms identified as walkable with their Walk ScoreⓇ in parentheses, highlighting in italics those with at least some single-family homes. We also solicited some of our best local agents to corroborate these algorithmic recommendations, and to recommend additional neighborhoods based on their personal experience. The neighborhoods recommended by Redfin’s local experts appear in bold, and a link for each agent makes it easy to email or call with questions.

We hope this helps the millions of Americans looking to move this year, especially the ones moving across the country!


Median Home Price$375,000
State and Local Tax Rate10.7%
Walkability38.0% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 78.2% of population is white, 21.8% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation76.0% voted Democratic, 17.6% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsSellwood-Moreland (79), Hollywood (93), Northwest District (93), Sunnyside (91), Goose Hollow (93), Downtown Gresham (84) Downtown Portland (95)
Local Commentary“Sellwood-Moreland sits on the east side of the Willamette River. The brand new Sellwood Bridge and the neighborhood’s easy access to the ‘Max’ light rail line make it a very convenient place to commute from. Sellwood is known for its small town feel, with ‘mom and pop’ stores, restaurants, coffee shops and pubs along 13th and Milwaukie Avenues. On weekends, residents ride bikes along the Willamette River Loop, picnic in Sellwood Park, and take the kids to Oaks Amusement Park.” – Gus Sanchez, Redfin Agent
Photos of Sellwood-Moreland courtesy of Jasperdo, April Younglove and Keri Logan on Flickr


Median Home Price$258,000
State and Local Tax Rate9.7%
Walkability26.0% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 73.8% of population is white, 26.2% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation63.8% voted Democratic, 28.5% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsDowntown St. Paul (92), Uptown (93), University (79), Central (76), Lowry Hill East (92), Lyn Lake (96)
Local Commentary“Downtown St. Paul offers a variety of cultural restaurants, food trucks and concert gatherings at Mears Park, and the State Capitol. The redeveloped Lowertown loft area is thriving with the new CHS field, a vibrant art and music scene and the very popular St. Paul Farmer’s Market. Uptown has one or two restaurants per block, great shopping and three nearby lakes!” – Kathryn Bausch, Redfin Agent
Photos of Uptown courtesy of Ernesto de Quesada, JPellgen (@1179_JP), Christopher Williams on Flickr.


Median Home Price$222,000
State and Local Tax Rate7.7%
Walkability11.4% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 56.7% of population is white, 43.3% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation74.4% voted Democratic, 21.4% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsBucktown (91), West Loop (96), Near North Side (96), Lincoln Park (94), Downtown Oak Lawn (88), Hyde Park (86)
Local Commentary“Bucktown is much more expensive than the typical Chicago neighborhood, with most single-family homes above a million dollars, but it offers lots of shops, restaurants, bars, grocery stores and CTA and Metra (train) access. For your outdoor fix, you can easily get to the 606 (comparable to NYC’s highline) and other parks. It’s got highly rated public schools and is close to private school options as well.” – Niko Voutsinas, Redfin Agent
Photos of Bucktown by MA1216, Jeffery Zeldman and again by MA1216 on Flickr.
Photos of Bucktown by MA1216, Jeffery Zeldman and again by MA1216 on Flickr.


Median Home Price$244,000
State and Local Tax Rate7.6%
Walkability11.1% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 50.9% of population is white, 49.1% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation78.9% voted Democratic, 18.5% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsFive Points (76), Brightleaf (87), Trinity Heights (76), Lakewood Park (62), West End (59)
Local Commentary“Trinity Heights in Durham is close to most of the downtown attractions. In addition to its brewery scene, Trinity Heights is home to the baseball stadium and the Durham Public Arts Convention Center where there are always events going on. It’s also near the American Tobacco campus, which has some tech startups and small local shops. The neighborhood also isn’t far from Duke University, which adds to rental and resale potential.” – Matt Russell, Redfin Agent
Photos courtesy of Econterms, Davidwells75 via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price$199,000
State and Local Tax Rate7.4%
Walkability12.2% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 47.7% of population is white, 52.3% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation68.4% voted Democratic, 26.4% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsEast Beach (54), Downtown Norfolk (84), Ghent (79), Colonial Place (56), West 21st Street (85), East 21st Street Monticello (87)
Local Commentary“East Beach is a waterfront community where you’ll find beautifully crafted homes with deep, wrap-around porches. The streets are lined with oak tree-shaded sidewalks just steps from the Chesapeake Bay. Residents can walk to a few local restaurants and shops, including a farmer’s market, and the marina.” – Jordan Hammond, Redfin Agent
Photos of Ghent and Downtown Norfolk courtesy of Nyttend, Joey Sheely via Wikimedia Commons and Fuzzy Gerdes via Flickr.


Median Home Price$117,000
State and Local Tax Rate7.4%
Walkability12.7% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 53.2% of population is white, 46.8% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation66.8% voted Democratic, 29.5% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsMidtown (87), Downtown (74), Royal Oak (55)
Local Commentary“Main Street in Royal Oak is alive with different kinds of restaurants and bakeries ranging from American favorites to Asian-influenced cuisine. The area has plenty of entertainment options like piano bars, sports bars and breweries. There are also farmer’s markets and movie theaters for more family-oriented activities.” – Adam Rasor, Redfin Agent
Photos of Royal Oak and Midtown courtesy of Andrew Jameson, North Metro Detroit Restaurant Guide via Wikimedia Commons, and Ann Millspaugh via Flickr.


Median Home Price$270,000
State and Local Tax Rate7.3%
Walkability12.8% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Racial Diversity 45.2% of population is white, 54.2% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation69.2% voted Democratic, 27.1% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsInman Park (84), Virginia Highland (76), Little Five Points (88), Downtown Atlanta (90), South Downtown (89), Five Points District (96), Fairlie-Poplar (96), Georgia State University (97)
Local Commentary“Inman Park, Virginia Highland and Little Five Points are very close to each other with connected sidewalks and access to the Atlanta Beltline walking path throughout the city. The Beltline has multiple parks off of it, like the Old Fourth Ward skatepark, as well as Ponce City Market and Krog Street Market. These three neighborhoods have tons of restaurants and are top notch for walkability in Atlanta.” – Victoria Hurd, Redfin Agent
Photos of Inman Park and Little Five Points by Eddie Krebs (King of Pops), strixxvaria, Pawel Loj via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price $244,000
State and Local Tax Rate7.2%
Walkability3.1% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 55.9% of population is white, 44.1% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation63.3% voted Democratic, 33.4% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsPlaza-Midwood (57), Third Ward (67), Dilworth (76), Downtown Matthews (67), Optimist Park (56), Tryon Hills (48), Fourth Ward (86), First Ward (83)
Local Commentary“Some of the best restaurants, bars and coffee shops in Charlotte can be found in Plaza-Midwood, and they’re within walking distance of many homes! The neighborhood is in close proximity to the Lynx blue line extension, so getting around without having a driver is another perk of the area. Plaza-Midwood is also only 10 minutes away from Uptown Charlotte, a very popular area for nightlife and entertainment.” – Jennifer Roderick, Redfin Agent
Photos of Plaza-Midwood courtesy of James Willamor via Flickr.


Median Home Price$235,000
State and Local Tax Rate6.9%
Walkability16.7% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 44.2% of population is white, 55.8% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation78.8% voted Democratic, 15.0% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsScott’s Addition (63), Monroe Ward (94), The Fan (90), Museum District (88), City Center (95)
Local Commentary“Scott’s Addition is a cool urban neighborhood where residents can walk to breweries and amazing restaurants. Historically, it’s a commercial area that now has a mix of retail and single family homes as well as condos.” – Jennifer Coppock, Redfin Agent
Photos of The Fan and Monroe Ward courtesy of Taber Andrew Bain via Flickr.

Salt Lake City

Median Home Price$295,000
State and Local Tax Rate6.7%
Walkability7.1% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 81.1% of population is white, 18.9% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation42.8% voted Democratic, 32.6% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsSugar House– 84105 zip code (65), Central City (85), East Central (73), Central City-Liberty Wells (78), Rio Grande (89)
Local Commentary“Sugar House is an eclectic community that offers small-town quaintness with lots of local shops, cafes, a farmer’s market and several parks. The hottest spots within Sugar House include the 9th & 9th, 15th & 15th and Harvard/Yale neighborhoods. For transplants, the best aspect of living in Sugar House is probably its convenience, with the S Line, city bus and the freeway all nearby.” – Sabrina Peters, Redfin Agent
Salt Lake City
Photos of Sugar House courtesy of UtahStizzle, Nicole Bernshaw, Buxtor via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price$394,000
State and Local Tax Rate5.9%
Walkability35.9% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 77.0% of population is white, 23.0% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation75.2% voted Democratic, 18.8% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsBerkeley (85), LoHi (77), Downtown Denver (89), Cherry Creek (83), Capitol Hill (92), Lincoln Park (83)
Local Commentary“Berkeley has tons of its own bars and restaurants to walk to, and it’s convenient to I-70 and Berkeley Park and Berkeley Lake.” – Graeme Nistler, Redfin Agent
Photos of LoHi courtesy Mobyll and Gtj82 via Wikimedia Commons.

Vancouver (WA)

Median Home Price$334,000
State and Local Tax Rate5.8%
Walkability7.4% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 84.6% of population is white, 15.4% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation46.3% voted Democratic, 46.3% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsDowntown Vancouver (95), Fisher’s Landing (48), Esther Short (79), Vancouver Heights (51), Lincoln (50)
Local Commentary“Fisher’s Landing is among Vancouver’s most sought-after areas for its highly-rated schools, single-family home communities within walking distance to grocery stores, and its Park and Ride station with easy access to Portland by bus.” – Rebecca Thompson, Redfin Agent
Photos of Downtown Vancouver and Esther Short courtesy of Ian Poellet and Cory Barnes via Wikimedia Commons.

San Antonio

Median Home Price$200,000
State and Local Tax Rate5.0%
Walkability2.4% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 78.4% of population is white, 21.6% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation54.5% voted Democratic, 41.0% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsKing William District (76), Downtown San Antonio (82), Tobin Hill (77), Five Points (80), Edison (69)
Local Commentary“King William has a lot of character, with its historic homes and access to local shops, restaurants and brewpubs as well as biking trails.”- Jim Seifert, Redfin Agent
San Antonio
Photos of King William courtesy of Daniel X. O’Neil via Flickr.


Median Home Price $341,000
State and Local Tax Rate4.9%
Walkability20.6% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 76.2% of population is white, 23.8% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation66.3% voted Democratic, 27.4% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsZilker (68), North University (85), Central West Austin (81), Central East Austin (81),  Highland (66), Downtown Austin (90), University of Texas-Austin (86)
Local Commentary“Zilker has highly-rated schools, along with close proximity to South Lamar. It is walkable to day-to-day needs and there are lots of new developments with dining, shopping and entertainment. It is walkable to Zilker Park, and a very short drive into downtown Austin.” – Andrew Vallejo, Redfin Agent
Photos of Zilker by Larry D. Moore, That Other Paper, and Mwyzykowski0821 via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price$215,000
State and Local Tax Rate4.5%
Walkability7.3% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 63.3% of population is white, 36.7% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation54.2% voted Democratic, 41.8% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsGreater Heights (71), Midtown (86), Downtown Pasadena (72), Gulfton (68), Neartown-Montrose (82)
Local Commentary“Greater Heights has a lot of shops and restaurants for people to enjoy, as well as highly-rated schools. People love Donovan Park, and the hike and bike trails are very popular. You’ll often find that during the weekends the amount of bikers and walkers is on scale with the the number of cars driving around the neighborhood.” – Lee Rusk, Redfin Agent
Photos of Greater Heights courtesy of Walk Score.


Median Home Price$280,000
State and Local Tax Rate4.4%
Walkability18.5% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 75.6% of population is white, 24.4% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation63.7% voted Democratic, 34.1% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsDowntown/Brickell (96), Flamingo-Lummus (96), Wynwood-Edgewater (88), Little Havana (88), South Point (91)
Local Commentary“Downtown/Brickell is a perfect option for folks looking for affordability and walkability. Downtown/Brickell is modeled after NYC, incorporating a live, work and play lifestyle. It offers parks, museums, an opera house, shopping, sporting events, nightlife, lots of restaurants and public transportation, which now includes a brand new high-speed rail service called Brightline. It’s also relatively close to the beach, which makes this location very strategic for someone looking for a more balanced Miami lifestyle. Finally, the Downtown/Brickell condo market is correcting, giving these buyer’s plenty of leverage to strike the right deal.” – Jose Medina, Redfin Agent
Photos of Brickell, Wynwood and Little Havana courtesy of Phillip Pessar via Flickr.


Median Home Price$600,000
State and Local Tax Rate4.3%
Walkability21.0% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 67.2% of population is white, 32.8% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation72.1% voted Democratic, 21.7% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsColumbia City (84), Downtown Seattle (98), Capitol Hill (92), Madrona (78), First Hill (97), Yesler Terrace (94)
Local Commentary“Columbia City has lots of local restaurants and shops and access to nearby parks, including Seward Park, Jefferson Park and Genesee Park. The light rail station makes it fast and easy to get downtown.” – Matthew Brennan, Redfin Agent
Photos of Columbia City courtesy of Joe Mabel and Mattgrundy, via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price$239,000
State and Local Tax Rate4.3%
Walkability3.6% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 60.8% of population is white, 39.2% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation61.1% voted Democratic, 34.9% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsLakewood Heights (48), Bryan Place (78),  Downtown Dallas (90), Glencoe Park (79), Downtown Carrollton (83), Edgewood (72)
Local Commentary“Lakewood Heights is a trendy area with its own culture. It has a historic feel with older homes that have been completely remodeled. It has decent walkability, hosting a brewery and a theater that offers lots of different entertainment options. It’s close to White Rock Lake and trails. Another selling point for buyers are the highly-rated elementary schools.” – Erin Birdsong, Redfin Agent
Photos of Lakewood Heights by W3stfa11, Jim Rain via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price$220,000
State and Local Tax Rate3.9%
Walkability16.1% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 71.1% of population is white, 28.9% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation51.5% voted Democratic, 44.7% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsHyde Park (67), Uptown Tampa (89), Palma Ceia West (79), North Hyde Park (77), Historic Ybor City (71), Armenia Gardens Estates (71), Courier City-Oscawana (84)
Local Commentary“Hyde Park is close to Bayshore Boulevard, which is a big area for walking and jogging along the bay. Residents are within a few blocks of boutiques, restaurants and the CineBistro, a restaurant/movie theater, in the Hyde Park Village.” – Ed Fusco, Redfin Agent
Photos of Hyde Park courtesy of Daniel X. O’Neil via Flickr.


Median Home Price$270,000
State and Local Tax Rate3.8%
Walkability8.6% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 63.0% of population is white, 37.0% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation60.3% voted Democratic, 34.3% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsDowntown Franklin (69), Downtown Nashville (83), Edgefield (73), Edgehill (63), Fisk (57)
Local Commentary“Franklin has been a popular community for years and years due to it’s historic homes, quaint downtown and highly-rated schools. It has a historic dine-in theater and cute antique stores. It is an active community that hosts a lot of music festivals and parades.” – Jerry Diaz, Redfin Agent
Photos of Franklin courtesy of Ron Cogswell via Flickr and Bbbrandon via Wikimedia Commons.


Median Home Price$251,000
State and Local Tax Rate3.7%
Walkability8.7% of neighborhoods have a Walk Score above 70
Diversity 64.3% of population is white, 35.7% of population is non-white
Political Affiliation60.4% voted Democratic, 35.7% voted Republican
Walkable NeighborhoodsSouth Eola (94), Baldwin Park (55) Thornton Park (85), Colonialtown South (80), Central Business District (85), Holden-Parramore (77)
Local Commentary“Baldwin Park checks all the boxes with highly rated schools, parks and trails for outdoor exercise, restaurants and stores within walking distance and lots of community events to get to know your neighbors.” – MaryDell Penney, Redfin Agent
Photos of South Eola and Baldwin Park courtesy of Visitor7 via Wikimedia commons Brett VA via Flickr.

Data Sources

All data is provided at the county level. The median sale price is from December 2017. Population diversity data came from the American Community Survey 2016 (5-Year Estimates). Political affiliation data was pulled from Townhall.com based on the 2016 election results. The state and local tax burden is calculated from 2015 IRS county filings. Redfin estimated total tax burden by summing state and local income and sales and property taxes paid, divided by the number of itemized returns. Tax rate was calculated from total tax burden divided by adjusted gross income by county.  Please note tax rates can vary within a county.

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Glenn Kelman

Chief Executive Officer

Glenn is the CEO of Redfin. Prior to joining Redfin, he was a co-founder of Plumtree Software, a Sequoia-backed, publicly-traded company that created the enterprise portal software market. Glenn was raised in Seattle and graduated from the University of California, Berkeley.

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