Supply of Homes for Sale Down 0.3 Percent in June, First Annual Decline in 10 Months

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Some expensive markets like San Jose, Seattle, and Boston are still seeing big gains in for-sale home inventory, while affordable markets like Oklahoma City, Buffalo, and Memphis are already experiencing big declines.

The number of homes for sale nationally fell 0.3 percent year over year in late June—the first annual decline since inventory started climbing in September. This marks the end of a brief respite for buyers in this years-old seller’s market. If supply growth continues falling at the rate it has been since April, by September the number of homes for sale will be down from a year earlier by more than 4 percent.

Year-Over-Year Change in # of Homes for Sale

This is according to data on the number of homes for sale as of June 23 across 46 major markets Redfin tracks.

However, the national numbers mask a huge amount of regional variation under the surface. As of late June, 32 of the 46 largest U.S. metro areas had fewer homes for sale compared to a year earlier. In fact, in some of the country’s most affordable housing markets, the inventory crunch never subsided. For example, Oklahoma City, where the median price of homes sold in May was just $184,900, had 15.3 percent fewer homes for sale in late June compared to a year earlier and has not seen year-over-year growth since going negative in late 2016. Other affordable metro areas like Memphis and Pittsburgh have similar stories.

In Some Metro Areas, The Inventory Crunch Never Stopped

Most of the big gains in the national count of homes for sale over the past year have been driven by expensive metro areas with median prices well above the national median. San Jose (up 43.6%, median price $1,175,000), Seattle (up 21.9%, median price $592,500), and Boston (up 21.3%, median price $517,000) were the three metro areas that gained the most homes for sale compared to a year earlier. However, even in those markets, the rate of growth has fallen off dramatically from where it was in late 2018, contributing to the decline in the national rate of inventory growth.

In Expensive Metro Areas, Inventory Spiked in 2018

With mortgage interest rates having dropped back to below 4 percent, demand is picking back up, which is likely to lead to renewed inventory shortages later this year, even in the more expensive markets.

“Lower interest rates are bringing buyers back, but without enough homes for sale to meet demand, we expect to see more bidding wars, which will push prices up this summer,” said Redfin chief economist Daryl Fairweather. “We expect small, inland markets where a typical home is still affordable for a middle-class family to heat up the most. Those markets, like Knoxville and Akron, are already experiencing double-digit annual price growth, and there is a lot of room for prices to continue to grow. Expensive metros like San Jose and Seattle may see moderate price growth this summer, but for the most part those markets have already peaked.”

In San Francisco, where a recent series of high-value tech IPOs has already led to a surge in bidding wars, the number of homes for sale was still up 12.0 percent from a year ago—far less than San Jose or Seattle. Supply growth is down from a high of over 60 percent in late December, indicating that San Francisco is transitioning from a sharp cooldown back to a hot market.

Change in Homes For Sale as of June 23, 2019, by Metro Area

Metro Area Year-Over-Year Change in # of Homes for Sale as of June 23, 2019 Median Home Price (May 2019)
San Jose, CA 43.6% $1,175,000
Seattle, WA 21.9% $592,500
Boston, MA 21.3% $517,000
Denver, CO 20.9% $425,000
Las Vegas, NV 19.0% $285,000
Portland, OR 15.3% $410,750
Chicago, IL 13.3% $259,900
San Francisco, CA 12.0% $1,500,000
Nashville, TN 11.2% $300,000
Detroit, MI 7.6% $144,000
Dallas, TX 7.0% $309,000
Houston, TX 4.2% $249,990
Los Angeles, CA 3.9% $625,000
Baltimore, MD 3.0% $294,250
Miami, FL 0.7% $310,000
National -0.3% $315,700
Milwaukee, WI -0.3% $234,000
San Antonio, TX -0.5% $237,000
Columbus, OH -0.6% $229,818
Louisville, KY -0.6% $202,870
Sacramento, CA -1.2% $415,000
Charlotte, NC -1.6% $265,000
Minneapolis, MN -2.1% $285,000
San Diego, CA -2.5% $585,000
Washington, D.C. -2.7% $422,000
Jacksonville, FL -2.7% $232,000
Orlando, FL -3.8% $257,000
Tampa, FL -4.4% $235,000
Philadelphia, PA -4.5% $225,000
Phoenix, AZ -5.1% $280,000
Providence, RI -5.6% $294,500
New York, NY -6.2% $385,000
Raleigh, NC -6.9% $295,900
Pittsburgh, PA -7.3% $177,500
Hartford, CT -7.5% $228,000
Cleveland, OH -7.7% $160,850
Indianapolis, IN -8.1% $193,000
Atlanta, GA -8.1% $256,000
Austin, TX -8.2% $329,417
Riverside, CA -8.3% $375,000
Cincinnati, OH -8.6% $194,900
Birmingham, AL -9.1% $230,000
Memphis, TN -9.4% $197,000
Richmond, VA -10.3% $260,000
Buffalo, NY -11.8% $155,000
Virginia Beach, VA -13.7% $245,000
Oklahoma City, OK -15.3% $184,900
Published on July 2nd, 2019
Updated on July 17th, 2019

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timothy-ellis

Senior Data Journalist / Real Estate Analyst

Tim Ellis has been analyzing the real estate market since 2005, and worked at Redfin as a housing market analyst from 2010 through 2013 and again starting in 2018. In his free time, he runs the independently-operated Seattle-area real estate website Seattle Bubble, and produces the improv comedy sci-fi podcast Dispatches from the Multiverse. Redfin is a full-service real estate brokerage that uses modern technology to make clients smarter and faster. For more information about working with a Redfin real estate agent to buy or sell a home, visit our "Why Redfin?," page.

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